Test Bank for Social Work, Social Welfare and American Society 8th edition by Philip R. Popple

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Test Bank for Social Work, Social Welfare and American Society 8th edition by Philip R. Popple

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DescriptionTest Bank for Social Work, Social Welfare and American Society 8th edition by Philip R. Popple Table of Contents Preface Chapter1 Competing Perspectives on Social Welfare Political Perspectives and Social Welfare The Worldview of Conservatives, Liberals, and Radicals Attitudes toward Change Views of Human Nature Views of Individual Behavior Views of the Family Views of the Social System Views of Government and the Economic System Political Perspectives in the Real World Political Perspectives and Social Work Values The Authorsâ€?Perspective Chapter 2 Social Welfare: Basic Concepts Stigma and Social Welfare Social Exclusion and Social Welfare Descriptive Definitions of Social Welfare Social Welfare as Nonmarket Economic Transfers Social Welfare as Services to Meet Basic Needs A Functional Definition of Social Welfare Social Structure Status and Role Social Institutions Family and Kinship Government and Politics Economics Religion Education Dependence, Interdependence, and the Social Welfare Institution Dependency and Opportunity Institutional and Residual Conceptions of Social Welfare Is the United States a Welfare State A Classification of Social Welfare Services Perspectives on Social Welfare The Conservative Perspective Noblesse Oblige Enlightened Self-Interest The Liberal Perspective The Radical Perspective Summary Conclusion Chapter 3 Social Work as a Profession Social Work and Professionalism Social Work’s Historical Development State Charitable Institutions The Charity Organization Society The Social Settlement A Closer LookJosephine Shaw Lowell: Leader in the Charity Organization Society A Closer LookMary Richmond: Pioneer in Social Casework Social Work DestinationsHull House A Closer LookLillian Wald, Graham Taylor and Lugenia Burns Hope: Three Settlement Leaders A Closer LookGrace Abbott, Edith Abbott and Sophonisba Breckinridge: Partners in Social Change and Development of a Profession Growth of a Profession Diversity and Unification A Closer Look George Haynes: Social Work Education and the National Urban League The Depression and the Development of Federal Social Welfare Programs A Closer Look Jane Hoey Continued Professional Growth Social Work Values and Philosophical Base A Closer LookImportant Dates in Social Work History Social Work Ethics and Ethical Dilemmas Updating a Professional Code of Ethics: Interview with a Key Player A Closer Look Excerpts from the 1996 Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers Social Work Methods A Closer LookSocial Work Roles A Model of Social Work Practice Practice Settings Salaries and Job Opportunities Social Work Education and Knowledge for Practice Current Professional Issues Social Work in the Larger Field of Social Welfare Perspectives on Practice Conclusion Chapter 4 Generalist Social Work Practice History and Development of Social Work Practice The Evolution of Social Work Practice Development of the Concept of Generalist Social Work Generalist Practice Definition Skills Relationship Between Generalist and Specialized Practice Case Management: A Major Skill for Generalist Practitioners Definitions History Skills Institutional Framework Advocacy Practice Ethics and Ethical Dilemmas Conclusion Chapter 5 Responses to Human Diversity Definition of the Problem Definition of Terms Dynamics of Intergroup Relations Perspectives The Conservative Perspective The Liberal Perspective The Radical Perspective History of Intergroup Relations in the United States Social Workers, Social Welfare Institutions, and the “New Immigration,â€?Social Workers, Social Welfare Institutions and African Americans A Closer LookThe Destruction of a Black Community in Tulsa Oklahoma Social Workers, Social Welfare Institutions, and Women Current Issues Regarding Social Welfare and Human Diversity Multiculturalism A Closer LookThe Experience of Having a Mixed Heritage Immigration Affirmative Action Separatism or Integration? Social Work Roles Related to Diversity Social Work DestinationsDestinations to Enhance an Appreciation of Diversity Chapter 6 Religion and Social Work The Religious Roots of Social Welfare Early Egyptian Roots Jewish Roots Christian Roots Muslim Roots The Religious Roots of Organized Social Work Churches and the Charity Organization Society Movement Churches and the Settlement House Movement The Church and the Institutional Roots of Social Work The Secularization of Social Work The Secularization of Society The Growth of Government Services The New Left and the Student Movement of the 1960s and 1970s The Reversal of Secularization? Current Sectarian Services Social Work and Religion–Uneasy Bedfellows Should the Church Be Involved in Social Work and Social Welfare Conservative Religion and Social Change Social Work Values and Christian Values–Conflict or Consensus? Conclusion Chapter 7 Poverty: The Central Concept Poverty: Major Issues and Common Terms Rich Country, Poor Country The Measurement of Economic Inequality The Distribution of Income and Wealth in the United States Trends in the Distribution of Wealth and Income Perspectives on Inequality Poverty–The Dark Side of Inequality The Definition of Poverty Absolute Definitions The Official Poverty Line in the United States Issues and Perspectives in Measuring and Defining Poverty Is the Poverty Line Set at a Realistic Level? How Should Noncash Benefits Be Counted? Should Poverty Be Defined in Absolute or Relative Terms Should the Poverty Line Be Based on Net Disposable Income? Experimental Poverty Measures Conclusion Chapter8 The Nature and Causes of Poverty Who Are the Poor? Statistical Description of the Poverty Population Region Nativity Family Type The Feminization of Poverty Different Types of Poverty Three Levels of Poverty Data on Different Types of Poverty and Poverty Patterns Why Are the Poor Poor? Poverty as the Result of Individual Characteristics Genetic Inferiority Poverty as a Result of Psychological Problems The Human Capital Approach Cultural Explanations of Poverty Culture of Poverty Cultural Deprivation Critique of Cultural Explanations Culture of Poverty Theory is Based on Methodologically Flawed Research Culture Definitions Really Refer to the “Undeserving Poorâ€?Research Fails to Support Elements of Cultural Explanations Alternative Explanations for the Lifeways of the Poor Blaming the Victim Structural Explanations of Poverty–Liberal Version Poverty as a Vicious Circle Does the Class System Reproduce Itself? The Organization of the Economy Racial, Sexual, and Age Discrimination The Increasing Social Isolation of the Ghetto A Psychological Structural Explanation Critique of Liberal Structural Explanations Structural Explanations of Poverty–Conservative Version Critique of Conservative Explanations Conclusion Chapter9 The Development of Antipoverty Programs Historical Perspective on Antipoverty Efforts English Roots Colonial Years and the Era of the American Revolution Early Years of the Republic, 1781-1860 Ideas about the Causes of Poverty The Growth of Indoor Relief Outdoor Relief Private Antipoverty Organizations Government Antipoverty Efforts Attitudes of the Nonpoor Social Transformation, Reform, and Reaction, 1860-1930 Changing Attitudes toward the Poor Private Antipoverty Efforts Government Antipoverty Efforts Private Domination of Social Welfare Seeds of the Reluctant Welfare State, 1930-1940 Attitudes toward the Poor The Return of Prosperity, 1940-1060 Reform and Reaction, 1960-1988 A New Era for Antipoverty Policy The Development of Work Programs The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Welfare is Reformed–the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Program Conclusion Chapter 10 Child Welfare Definition Statistical Profile Number of Children Involved Race Age Trend Dynamics Individual Parent Factors Family Factors Environmental Factors Additional Factors Historical Perspective The Emergence of Concern for Children The Lengthening of Childhood The Breakdown of the Ability of the Extended Family and the Church to Manage Child Dependency The Development of a Changed Conception of Children and Childhood The Development of Child Welfare Services The Development of Children’s Homes The Idea of Foster Family Care The Development of Protective Services The Rediscovery of Child Abuse and Neglect Current Issues and Trends Emphasis on Permanency Planning Emphasis on Family Preservation Reaction to Family Preservation Class Action Lawsuits on Behalf of Children in Foster Care Separation of Investigation from Service Perspectives Conceptions of Appropriate Discipline Conservative Perspective Liberal Perspective Analysis and Synthesis The Causation of Maltreatment Conservative Perspective Liberal Perspective Analysis and Synthesis Rights of Children, Parents, and the Government Conservative Perspective Liberal Perspective Radical Perspective Analysis and Synthesis Social Work Roles Direct Services in Public Child Welfare Intake, Screening, and Assessment Supervision of Families with the Child at Home Family Preservation Service Recruitment and Supervision of Foster Homes Adoption Private Agencies Conclusion Chapter 11 Crime and Criminal Justice Perspectives on Criminal Justice The Conservative Perspective Basic Beliefs Major Issues The Liberal Perspective Basic Beliefs Major Issues The Radical Perspective Basic Beliefs Major Issues Definition Legal Definitions of Crime In Whose Interest Is Criminal Law? Crime as a Social Welfare Problem The Punishment Approach The Rehabilitation Approach Statistical Profile Problems with Crime Statistics Patterns of Crime Volume of Crime Gender Age Race Social Welfare and Crime Juveniles Adult Corrections Dynamics Control Theories Biological Control Theories Psychological Control Theories Social Control Theory Neoclassical Control Theory Summary of Control Theories Cultural Theories Cultural Deviance Differential Association Theory Strain Theory Summary of Control Theories Social Victim Theories Labeling Theory Radical Criminology A Brief History of Criminal Justice Prisons–The First Reform The Indeterminate Sentence and Parole Probation The Concept of Delinquency and the Juvenile Court Criminal Justice Reform–Rhetoric and Reality Current Issues Prisons Parole Probation Diversion Intermediate Sanctions Abandoning Rehabilitation Social Work Roles Treatment Programs Outside the Criminal Justice System Victim Assistance Victim-Offender Mediation A New Frontier for Social Work in Criminal Justice: The Innocence Movement Police Work as Social Work Conclusion Chapter 12 Health Care Definitions of Health and Illness Statistical Picture of Health Care Health and Socioeconomic Factors Focus on Diversity Diabetes among the Oglala Souix Dynamics of Health Care History of Health Care The Rise of Scientific Medicine Medical Social Work Health Care in the 1960s and 1970s Current Issues and Trends Managed Care The Business of Health Care Government Action to Improve Health Care Perspectives The Conservative Perspective The Liberal Perspective The Radical Perspective Social Work Roles Conclusion Chapter 13 Mental Health and Developmental Disability Issues in Definition Definitions of Mental Illness Mental Illness as the Absence of Mental Health Mental Illness as Disease Mental Illness as a Reaction to Life’s Problems Mental Illness as a Label Assigned by Others Dynamics of Mental Illness Psysiological Explanations Psychological Explanations Behavioral Explanations Environmental and Sociological Explanations Statistical Picture of Mental Illness Definitions of Developmental Disability Focus on DiversityRace, Diagnosis, and Commitment Dynamics of Development Disability Statistical Picture of Development Disability Historical Perspectives on Mental Illness Social Work DestinationsThe Public Hospital, Williamsburg,Virginia A Closer LookClifford W. Beers, A Mind That Found Itself A Closer Look The Snake Pit Historical Perspectives on Developmental Disability A Closer Look The Jukes and the Kallikaks Current Issues and Trends From Institution to Life in the Community Community Services for Those with Mental Retardation Advocacy and Consumer Organizations for the Mentally Ill Stigma and Mental Illness Special Populations in the Field of Mental Health Perspectives The Conserative Perspective The Liberal Perspective The Radical Perspective Social Work Roles in Mental Health and Developmental Disability A Closer Look“When Things Were Darkest, Peers Helped: Conclusion Chapter 14 Housing, Homelessness, and Community Development Definitions of the Problem Actors in the U.S. Housing Situation Builders Developers Bankers Insurance Companies Realtors Landlords Community Groups Advocacy Organizations Research Statistical Picture of Housing Dynamics of Housing Commodity or Right? Residential Segregation History of Housing Housing Trends from the Mid 1800s through the 1920s The Origins of Housing Policy Housing Policy after the New Deal “Urban Renewalâ€?The Age of HUD A Closer LookThe Destruction of Pruitt-Igoe Mortgage Meltdown A Closer LookMortgage Talk Obama Begins Current Issues and Trends Homelessness Community Responses Design Triage Sprawl A Closer LookThe Language of Sprawl Community Development Gender and Household Stereotypes The Retreat from Public Life Social Work Destinations Social Work and Community Development Renewing Civility Perspectives The Conservative Perspective The Liberal Perspective The Radical Perspective Social Work Roles Chapter 15 Aging Definitions of Aging Statistical Picture of Aging Living Arrangements Income Health Government Expenditures for the Elderly Summary Dynamics: Causes and Effects of Aging Biological Theories Social Psychological Theories Sociological Theories of Aging Focus on DiversityMen and Aging History of Aging in America Current Issues and Trends Government Programs for Older Americans: Can they Be Maintained? Long-Term Care Community Services for the Aging: Problems of Coordination Ageism and Advocacy A Closer Look“Harassing the Eldlerlyâ€?by Karen DeCrow Perspectives The Conservative Perspective The Liberal Perspective The Radical Perspective Social Work Roles Conclusion

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